What Causes Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a common eye condition that is linked to a buildup of pressure in the eye’s optic nerve. The fluid inside your eye, also known as aqueous humor, flows out of your eye through a tissue called the trabecular meshwork. When the channel gets blocked and fluid is overproduced, this liquid can build up and cause unnecessary pressure. This pressure, also known as intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and may result in permanent vision loss or total blindness.

Glaucoma may also be caused by a blunt or chemical injury to the eye, some inflammatory conditions, and severe eye infections. Glaucoma can be hereditary and often occurs later in life. In fact, it is the leading cause of blindness among people over the age of 60. It is also possible for infants and children to be diagnosed with glaucoma.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Most people with glaucoma show no early symptoms and feel no discomfort, which can make the eye condition difficult to detect. Regular visits to your local eye doctor are recommended to diagnose and treat glaucoma before long-term vision loss can occur. When this eye condition is diagnosed early, vision loss can be slowed or prevented with the help of a glaucoma specialist. If you experience any of the symptoms below, schedule an eye exam at your local MyEyeDr. eye care center.

  • Severe headaches
  • Eye pain
  • Eye redness
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Halos around lights
  • Loss of peripheral vision

Preventing Glaucoma

There are ways to stay on-top of glaucoma and prevent the eye condition from worsening in its early stages. Follow the eye-care tips below to help prevent vision loss.

  • Schedule regular dilated eye exams with your local eye doctor. A comprehensive eye exam can help detect glaucoma in the early stages before significant eye damage can occur.
  • Get to know your family’s eye health history. Glaucoma tends to run in families, so if your parents or grandparents have it, you’re at an increased risk.
  • Wear eye protection when necessary. Since serious eye injuries can increase your chances of developing glaucoma, be sure to wear eye protection when playing sports or using power tools.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

Eye doctors offer a few different treatments for glaucoma depending on the severity of the eye condition. Some common glaucoma treatments include:

  • Glaucoma eyedrops. Taking prescribed eyedrops for this eye condition can help to significantly reduce the high eye pressure that can progress into glaucoma.
  • Laser eye treatment. Eye doctors can utilize a laser to help excess fluid drain from the eye.
  • Eye surgery. If eyedrops and laser treatments aren’t enough to treat the glaucoma, your eye specialist may recommend surgery.

To get the best eye treatment possible, it is recommended to schedule an eye exam with a glaucoma specialist at a MyEyeDr. location near you.